Posted on Behalf of Josh Hem Lee
If you’ve been curious about black cowboys, read blogs about them or visited the Black American West Museum, you may have heard the name Paul Stewart. Stewart is single handedly responsible for raising awareness about the black cowboy in Denver and the West.
On December 18, 1925, Stewart was born in Clinton, Iowa. He joined the Navy after leaving high school, reaching the rank of seaman first class. Stewart went on to train as a barber in Evanston, Illinois. He eventually moved to Denver in the 1960s and worked as a barber. One day while sight-seeing in Denver, Stewart happened upon an African American man dressed in full cowboy attire – boots, chaps, gun belt, spurs and cowboy hat. “I mean everything,” said Stewart. Initially Stewart was skeptical about the man’s claim that he was a cowboy, his cousin informed him that in fact, not only was the black man a well-known rancher, but that black cowboys were common in Colorado.
This episode piqued Stewart’s interest in blacks who played a role in settling the American West. When he opened a barbershop in Denver he would ask clients what, if anything, they had heard about black pioneers. Many of them shared information with Stewart not realizing that these informal interviews were sometimes secretly taped. People began to bring artifacts of historical and cultural interests to the shop, so much so that by the 1970s Stewart recognized that there was a need to store, archive and catalog these items.
Stewart began a search for a place that would allow him to store and display the numerous artifacts he had accumulated over time. After ten years of housing the “Paul Stewart collection” in a room on Denver’s Clayton College campus, the collection was moved permanently to 3091 California Street in Denver’s Five Points Neighborhood, the former home of Dr. Justina L. Ford, Colorado’s first African American female physician. At that site Stewart started the Black American West Museum and Heritage Center.
Stewart traveled far and wide speaking about his work. He also authored two books, Black Cowboys with Yvonne Ponce Wallace, and Westward Soul with Fray Marcos Purdue, both available at the Denver Public Library. On November 12, 2015, Stewart died in Denver, Colorado, at the age of 89. He is survived by his wife Johnnie “J Mae” Stewart.
Bowman, J. ( 2015, November 13). Pioneer Paul Stewart, Black American West Museum founder, dies at 89. KDVR Fox 31 Denver. Retrieved from http://kdvr.com/2015/11/13/pioneer-paul-stewart-black-american-west-museum-founder-dies-at-89/
Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 12. (1996). Paul Wilbur Stewart. S. Phelps (Ed.). Detroit, MI: Gale Research.
Jones, C. ( 2015, November 18). Remembering Paul Stewart, Who Set Out to Prove Black Cowboys Existed. Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved from http://www.cpr.org/news/story/remembering-paul-stewart-who-set-out-prove-black-cowboys-existed
Wenzel. J. ( 2015, November 12). Paul Stewart, Founder of Black American West Museum, Dies at 89. The Denver Post. Retrieved from http://www.denverpost.com/2015/11/12/paul-stewart-founder-of-black-american-west-museum-dies-at-89/