Anselm Holcomb Barker, born 1822, was an Ohio native. Early in his life he was a blacksmith, and later became a businessman. For more information, check out this archives finding aid .
One of the many folks interested in the gold rumored to have been found in Cherry Creek, Barker traveled from Nebraska to Colorado via the Platte River  in October, 1858. Just a few days after their arrival, Barker and the rest in the party founded the Auraria Town Company. They had heard about a settlement already founded in the area, but found no trace of a foundation or fixed lodging. Barker started construction on his house, thought to be the first permanent dwelling in the area, on 1 November 1858 on the Auraria settlement, and moved in on the 4th of November. Here is a drawing  of his place.
The Anselm Holcomb Barker Papers include Barker’s journals from 1858-1894, and correspondence to and from his granddaughter, Lucille L. Gewinner. This collection is available in Western History & Genealogy  at the Central Denver Public Library .
Auraria Remembered