Western History & Genealogy Blog

Hispanic Genealogy in Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado

 Francisco Rivera and Benigna Rivera family. AUR-2097
The Cordova House in Las Animas County, Colorado. AUR-2092
Antonio Teodoro Lobato, his wife María and grandson Teodoro. AUR-2231

Spanish-speaking people began settling in Northern New Mexico in the late 1500’s and later came to Southern Colorado, living in towns such as Trinidad, Taos, Antonito and Conejos. Nursed by hundreds of years of relative isolation from other Spanish-speaking populations, the descendants of these settlers developed a unique culture with its own folklore and even its own dialect of Spanish (and I was going to tease my wife about the way her San Luis Valley family eats their tortillas, but I won't go there). The descendants of these original settlers still share this culture and many of them have great interest in researching their lineage (Some descendants refer to themselves as Mexican-American and others as Spanish-American. There is a debate in the community). Western History and Genealogy gets many such descendants who are interested in researching their family trees and we have some great tools to help people in their genealogical quest. Family Search and Ancestry Library Edition have uploaded many civil and church records from New Mexico and Mexico and are adding more all the time. The US Census and New Mexican State Census are also available. In addition, we have some wonderful and very comprehensive genealogies of original New Mexican families compiled by LaDeane Miller. Although the sources of these family trees are not confirmed, they could be a good starting point for a researcher. Of course, your best resource in your search will be our knowledgeable staff of librarians. Come into our department and get started on your family history today.

Thank you very much for all

Thank you very much for all of your comments. Please keep them coming!


My mother is from San Pedro

My mother is from San Pedro in Costilla county. Her mother was a Lobato, her father a Roybal - her family considered themselves Spanish. However, my research shows that some of our ancestors came thru Mexico, having married and having children there before venturing forth into New Mexico. There is also some Native American in the mix. A very interesting heritage we have!

growing up we always said we

growing up we always said we were Spanish. And I am Lobato and a family tree has been done for our family and our ancestors come from the Basque region and from Galicia.

My Lobato/Lovato relatives

My Lobato/Lovato relatives refer to themselves as Basque. Spanish Basque. By the way Teodoro is my Uncle either twice or three times removed.

Just wanted to add that some

Just wanted to add that some descendants refer to themselves as Chicano/a.